In its treatment of subject the F paper:
- may display thinking that is far below what is acceptable in college writing or may totally misinterpret the assignment.
In its organization the F paper may:
- have no discernible organizing principle
- show no discernible student interest in or involvement with the subject.
In its content the F paper may :
- fail to provide examples and vivid details
- leave gaping holes where convincing evidence should be
- overlook the need for expert opinion when required.
In its style the F paper may:
- contain serious language interference/barriers
- use inaccurate, hackneyed word choice
- trouble the reader with faulty sentence structure that poorly shapes thought
- have hesitant or erratic rhythm
- be relatively voiceless
- possess a tone that is inappropriate and misleading
- be lifeless, with no energy.
In its terms of rules and conventions the F paper may:
- have some real problems with the mastery of grammar and usage conventions; may display many recurrent problems (e.g., sentence fragments, errors in agreement, comma splices, run-ons, and the like)
- contain many spelling errors
- not use citation at all.