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North Carolina Quakers, Anti-Slavery, and the Underground Railroad: Demographics of Slavery 1830-1860

Demographics of Slavery 1830-1860

1830

 

U.S. Census of 1830:

  Total population:  12,860,702
  Black population:    2,328,642 (18.1%)
        Free        319,599   (2.5%)
        Slave   2,009,043  (15.6%)

   
   

1830

   
   

Total population.................................................

12,860,702

 
   

White.......................................................

10,532,060

 
   

Black.........................................................

2,328,642

 
   

.   Free..........................................................

319,599

 
   

.   Slave.........................................................

2,009,043

 
         
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

   
   

Total population................................................

100.0

 
   

White.......................................................

81.9

 
   

Black.........................................................

18.1

 
   

.   Free..........................................................

2.5

 
   

.   Slave.........................................................

15.6

 
     

 

 

 

1840

 

U.S. Census of 1840:

  Total population:  17,063,353
  Black population:    2,873,648 (16.8%)
        Free        386,293   (2.3%)
        Slave   2,487,355  (14.6%)

 

 
   

1840

   
   

    Total population.................................................

17,063,353

 
   

White.......................................................

14,189,705

 
   

Black.........................................................

2,873,648

 
   

.   Free..........................................................

386,293

 
   

.   Slave.........................................................

2,487,355

 
         
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

   
   

    Total population.................................................

100.0

 
   

White.......................................................

83.2

 
   

Black.........................................................

16.8

 
   

.   Free..........................................................

2.3

 
   

.   Slave.........................................................

14.6

 
     

1850

 

 

U.S. Census of 1850:

  Total population:  23,191,876
  Black population:    3,638,808 (15.7%)
        Free        434,495   (1.9%)
        Slave   3,204,313  (13.8%)

 
   

1850

 
   

Total population...................................................

23,191,876

   

White.......................................................

19,553,068

   

Black.........................................................

3,638,808

   

.   Free..........................................................

434,495

   

.   Slave.........................................................

3,204,313

       
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

 
   

Total population...................................................

100.0

   

White.......................................................

84.3

   

Black.........................................................

15.7


1860

 

 

U.S. Census of 1860:

  Total population:  31,443,321
  Black population: 4,441,830 (14.1%)
        Free        488,070   (1.6%)
        Slave   3,953,760  (12.6%)

 
       
   

1860

 
   

Total population...............................................

31,443,321

   

White.......................................................

26,922,537

   

Black.........................................................

4,441,830

   

.   Free..........................................................

488,070

   

.   Slave.........................................................

3,953,760

   

American Indian.....................................................

44,021

   

Asian.........................................................

34,933

       
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

 
   

Total population................................................

100.0

   

White.......................................................

85.6

   

Black.........................................................

14.1

   

.   Free..........................................................

1.6

   

.   Slave.........................................................

12.6

   

American Indian.....................................................

0.1

   

Asian.........................................................

0.1