Hege Library & Learning Technologies

Citation Guides

Working on a research assignment? This guide is here to help you cite your sources!


Citations are used to document sources by giving credit to another author's research. Citations give the writer credibility and create a record of sources for the writer and other researchers to build upon. Within this guide you will find examples of the most common citation styles and resources to use to help you properly cite your sources.

If you can't find what you are looking for, please refer to the style manuals for more in-depth examples, the style writing links found in each tab, or contact a librarian.


This guide contains recommendations and typically used citation styles only.  You should always consult with your professor to see what citation style they would like for you to use.  Even if you think you know, always ask!  Your professor always has the final word on citation styles and structure for coursework completed in their class!

When Should I Cite?

You should include a citation if you:

     1. Use a direct quote

     2. Summarize an outside source

     3. Paraphrase an idea, quote, or passage from someone else

If you are unsure about whether you need to cite, go ahead and do it.  Better safe than sorry when it comes to avoiding plagiarism.