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Greensboro Quick Facts Timeline
- 1754 New Garden Monthly Meeting of Friends established as Quakers settle in what is now Guilford County
- 1808 Greensboro founded
- 1820s Quaker Coffin family active in antislavery efforts, such as the Underground Railroad and African American education
- 1837 New Garden Boarding School (later Guilford College) opens with both male and female students and teachers but no African Americans except as support staff until the 1960s
- 1917 American Friends Services Committee established. AFSC later has regional office in Greensboro with programming in the 1940s and 1950s focusing on encouraging desegregation efforts.
- 1930s and 1940s Guilford students participate in interracial activities with Bennett and NC A&T students
- 1953 Greensboro Evening College, located downtown, acquired by Guilford (evolved into Guilford’s CCE program which moved to the main campus in 1973). Local African Americans later take courses downtown as non-credit students not officially accepted through the college’s admissions process.
- 1955 Eleanor Roosevelt speaks to an integrated audience at New Garden Friends Meeting. A landmark tree in the meeting’s adjacent cemetery explodes due to dynamite during the event.
- 1962 Guilford College becomes part of Greensboro (town of Guilford College annexed by Greensboro in 1972).
- 1962 Winston-Salem’s James McCorkle enters as Guilford’s first African American student in the Fall. Two black Quaker students from Kenya begin at Guilford that same semester.
- 1963 Four European American Guilford students arrested at Greensboro’s S&W Cafeteria demonstration. Two additional Guilford students were arrested later that same week. One arrestee noted that 4 of the 5 Greensboro colleges had issued statements in support of the demonstrations for integration of downtown Greensboro businesses. Guilford had not.
- 1967 Friends World Committee for Consultation holds an international gathering of Quakers from around the world at Guilford. Earlier planning for hosting the event led to recruitment of Guilford’s first Kenyan students in 1962.
“Taking a Stand: Living Memories of Integration in the Civil Rights Era,” The Southern Friend: Journal of the North Carolina Friends Historical Society
Publication Date: 2005
Vol. 27, No. 1, pp 3-51
Fit for Freedom, Not for Friendship by
Publication Date: 2009-02-01
By Land and by Sea by
Publication Date: 1993-08-01