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Hege Library & Learning Technologies

North Carolina Quakers, Anti-Slavery, and the Underground Railroad: 1970-2009




General African American Timeline

Local Quaker & African American Timeline




The Tuskegee Syphilis experiment ends after 40 years in which the U.S. Public Health Service used 399 African American men with late stages of syphilis and 201 without the disease to conduct an infamous experiment. It "used human beings as laboratory animals in a long and inefficient study of how long it takes syphilis to kill someone."




 On June 28, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case by the Supreme Court rules the constitutionality of affirmative action in providing greater opportunities for minorities with guidance to prevent infringement on the rights of the majority.




After the beating of African American Rodney King in south-central Los Angeles by four white police officers who then are acquitted in a jury trial, the city erupts in violent rioting on April 29.




In Grutter v. Bollinger, the Supreme Court rules that race can be a factor when selecting students in order to provide diversity in the student body.




In Parents v. Seattle and Meredith v. Jefferson, affirmative action to bring racial diversity is ruled unconstitutional.




On November 4, Barack Obama is the first African American to be elected president of the United States. He is a Democrat.




Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States.




Eric H. Holder, Jr. becomes the first African American to be Attorney General of the United States when he is confirmed by the Senate on February 2