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North Carolina Quakers, Anti-Slavery, and the Underground Railroad: 1970-2009

1970-2009

Date

 

General African American Timeline

Local Quaker & African American Timeline

 

1972

 

The Tuskegee Syphilis experiment ends after 40 years in which the U.S. Public Health Service used 399 African American men with late stages of syphilis and 201 without the disease to conduct an infamous experiment. It "used human beings as laboratory animals in a long and inefficient study of how long it takes syphilis to kill someone."

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_syphilis_experiment

   
         

1978

 

 On June 28, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case by the Supreme Court rules the constitutionality of affirmative action in providing greater opportunities for minorities with guidance to prevent infringement on the rights of the majority.

   

1992

 

After the beating of African American Rodney King in south-central Los Angeles by four white police officers who then are acquitted in a jury trial, the city erupts in violent rioting on April 29.

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rodney_King

   
         

2003

 

In Grutter v. Bollinger, the Supreme Court rules that race can be a factor when selecting students in order to provide diversity in the student body.

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grutter_v._Bollinger

   
         

2006

 

In Parents v. Seattle and Meredith v. Jefferson, affirmative action to bring racial diversity is ruled unconstitutional.

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parents_Involved_in_Community_Schools_v._Seattle_School_District_No._1

   
         

2008

 

On November 4, Barack Obama is the first African American to be elected president of the United States. He is a Democrat.

   

2009

 

Barack Obama is inaugurated as the 44th president of the United States.

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barack_Obama

   
         

2009

 

Eric H. Holder, Jr. becomes the first African American to be Attorney General of the United States when he is confirmed by the Senate on February 2

   
   

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eric_Holder