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North Carolina Quakers, Anti-Slavery, and the Underground Railroad: Demographics of Slavery 1790-1820

Demographics of Slavery 1790-1820


http://www.census.gov/population/www/documentation/twps0056/twps0056.html

1790

 

U.S. Census of 1790:

  Total population:    3,929,214
  Black population:       757,208    

                                         (19.3%)
        Free      59,527   (1.5%)
        Slave   697,681  (17.8%)

First US Census for Guilford County: 6,675 white people, 616 slaves and 27 free black people.

 
   

1790

   
   

Total population............................................

3,929,214

 
   

White.................................................

3,172,006

 
   

Black..................................................

757,208

 
   

.Free...................................................

59,527

 
   

.Slave..................................................

697,681

 
   

 

 

 
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

 

 
   

Total population............................................

100.0

 
   

White.................................................

80.7

 
   

Black..................................................

19.3

 
   

.Free...................................................

1.5

 
   

.Slave..................................................

17.8

 
   

 

 

 

1800

 

U.S. Census of 1800:

  Total population:    5,308,483
  Black population:    1,002,037

                                        (18.9%)
        Free        108,435   (2.0%)
        Slave   893,602  (16.8%)

   
   

1800

   
   

Total population............................................

5,308,483

 
   

White.................................................

4,306,446

 
   

Black..................................................

1,002,037

 
   

.Free...................................................

108,435

 
   

.Slave..................................................

893,602

 
         
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

   
   

Total population............................................

100.0

 
   

White.................................................

81.1

 
   

Black..................................................

18.9

 
   

.Free...................................................

2.0

 
   

.Slave..................................................

16.8

 

 

1810

 

U.S. Census of 1810:

  Total population:    7,239,881
  Black population:    1,377,808

                                         (19.0%)
        Free        186,446   (2.6%)
        Slave   1,191,362  (16.5%)

 
   

1810

 
   

Total population............................................

7,239,881

   

White.................................................

5,862,073

   

Black..................................................

1,377,808

   

.Free...................................................

186,446

   

.Slave..................................................

1,191,362

       
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

 
   

Total population............................................

100.0

   

White.................................................

81.0

   

Black..................................................

19.0

   

.Free...................................................

2.6

   

.Slave..................................................

16.5

       

 

1820

 

U.S. Census of 1820:

  Total population:    9,638,453
  Black population:    1,771,656 (18.4%)
        Free        233,634   (2.4%)
        Slave   1,538,022  (16.0%)

 
   

1820

 
   

Total population.............................................

9,638,453

   

White.......................................................

7,866,797

   

Black.........................................................

1,771,656

   

.Free.........................................................

233,634

   

.Slave........................................................

1,538,022

       
   

Percent distribution by
  population group:

 
   

Total population...............................................

100.0

   

White.......................................................

81.6

   

Black.........................................................

18.4

   

.Free.........................................................

2.4

   

.Slave........................................................

16.0